Everest Base Camp Trek: A Complete Guide For EBC Trek
Everest Base Camp/EBC Trek

Are you planning to go on an adventure of a lifetime and conquer the Everest Base Camp? Before embarking on this memorable journey, it pays to learn all the basics, such as cost, itinerary, and logistics. This ultimate guide to Everest Base Camp Trek can help you plan this thrilling expedition by giving you all the necessary details!

Nepal is renowned as “the Land of the Himalayas.” Moreover, it’s relatively small; the country has a wide range of geography, culture, and wildlife diversities. Among the fourteen tallest mountains globally, Nepal has 8 of them, including Mount Everest- the tallest mountain on the planet.

The Everest Base Camp is one of the country’s most famous destinations for trekking. This guide to Everest Base Camp Trek gives you all the required information about EBC Trek. But then, things need to be considered before embarking on Everest Base Camp.

Everest Base Camp Trek

The journey to the Everest Base Camp Trek is an excellent opportunity to experience the Everest region (also called the Khumbu). There are many unique features and aspects, like rich culture, beautiful mountainous landscapes brimming with river valleys, moraines, glaciers, and magnificent views, consisting of some of the tallest mountains on the planet.

The region is a vibrant and dense concentration of traditions and practices not found elsewhere in the country.

The legendary people are also famous for their mountain-climbing ability and agility in the Himalayas. The indigenous mountain people mostly follow a unique form of Buddhism.

Namche Bazaar, the capital of the Everest region

The Khumbu region is ornamented with many Tsortens, monasteries, prayer flags, and Mani wall carvings. The hiking trail of the Everest Base Camp Trek goes through numerous villages of Khumbu and follows significant mountain rivers that drain the region.

It goes through the heart of the Himalayas, overlooking the white mountains like the Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Changtse, Thamserku, Kongdi Ri, and many more are also a constant presence as one trek on the fantastic trail. Discover all the wonders that await those brave enough to embark upon today’s legendary Everest Three Passes Trek for the ultimate trekking experience.

Highlights of EBC Trek

  • Tenzing Hillary Airport – a dangerous airport in the world
  • Sagarmatha National Park- a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site
  • Tengboche monastery- main monastery in the Khumbu region
  • Kala Patthar- an excellent place to enjoy Everest views
  • Picturesque icefall along the Khumbu Glacier
  • Gokyo Ri- an alternative destination for Everest’s best views
  • Mesmerizing Gokyo Lakes and other glacial lakes

Getting to Everest Base Camp

Most people fly to Lukla from Kathmandu, the quickest way to get to Everest Base Camp. However, the unpredictable weather makes it difficult to land at the airport successfully.

Sometimes, Tribhuvan International Airport undergoes maintenance or upgrading of the features of air safety; at the time, all the flights will be rerouted from Manthali to Lukla Airport, rated as the most dangerous airport in the world. If the flight changes in Lukla, this is what professionals do for arranging your Everest Base Camp Trek.

Lukla is the doorway to the Everest region. Many trekkers begin their trek to Everest Base Camp from there. It brings multi-day adventure and tends to walk around 10 to 15 kilometers daily and have a rest day to acclimate to the high altitude.

Namche Bazaar is a popular stop for acclimatization. The trekking route marks well, and numerous lodges are along the way.

Lukla Airport, gateway to Everest base camp
Lukla Airport, the gateway of the Everest region

Entry permits & requirements for EBC Trek

Thousands of trekkers and travelers visit the country yearly to enjoy its many natural, cultural, and traditional hallmarks. Among Nepal’s trekking destinations, the Everest region is the most famous for trekking and mountaineering.

The EBC trek is the most widely made trekking responsible for many revenue generations in tourism. One would think that trekking to the Everest base camp requires much effort and money, but that can be as far as the truth. Everest base camp trekking is cheap, affordable, саn be always done of the year, and by people of all demographics.

Although, it is possible to do novice first-time trekkers and experienced mountaineers.

Anyone trekking to Nepal needs to purchase a TIMS card, except if you are traveling to restricted areas. In that case, the permit will be adequate.

TIMS card charges $10 when going through the company and $20 if you travel independently.

Before starting your entire trek, purchase the Sagarmatha National Park Entrance fee is necessary, which costs almost $30 per person.

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Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary

The journey to the EBC Trek usually starts with a flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. A plane takes 30 to 40 minutes and is rated one of Earth’s most dramatic short flights.

The Lukla Airport is also fascinating and has a single runway that drops off to a gaping open valley below as the runway ends. The terrain at Lukla is quite different from Kathmandu. This change is felt immediately as one lands at Lukla.

Tengboche monastery en route EBC Trek
The largest monastery in the Everest region

From the village of Lukla, the trekking trail proceeds to go through villages like Phakding Monjo into the Sagarmatha National Park. Likewise, before reaching the Everest base camp, Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, and Gorakshep.  

Generally, the trekking journey lasts for two weeks. But this duration may vary according to the trekker’s requirements and conveniences. The length from one place to another takes about five to six hours as the distance between two consecutive villages.

Acclimatization is usually done in the famous Namche Bazaar and Dingboche.

DaysItineraryAltitude in MetersDistance
1.Arrival day1350
2.Free day & Trek Preparation
3.Fly to Lukla then trek to Phakding2650 3h00
4.Phakding to Namche34406h00
5.Acclimatization day!
6.Namche to Tengboche3850 5h00
7.Tengboche to Dingboche4410 6h00
8.Acclimatization day!
9.Dingboche to Lobuche49005h00
10.Trek to Gorakshep, then explore EBC (5364 meters)51407h00
11.Hike to Kalapatthar (5545 meters) then trek to Pangboche 39007h30
12.Pangboche to Namche 3440 6h00
13.Namche to Lukla28507h00
14.Fly out to Kathmandu and leisure in the afternoon.
15.Free day in Kathmandu and shopping
16.Final departure

You may also like to read: Find The 5 Best Itineraries Ideas For Trekking to Everest Base Camp.

Khumjung Village

Best time for Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp Trek can do a trek any time and is available throughout the year. Nepal mainly experiences four seasons. Autumn (September to December), spring (March to May), winter (the end of December to February), and summer (June to August).

The autumn and spring seasons are the best seasons for Everest Base Camp Trek because the weather conditions during these months are vastly favorable and suitable.

The clouds tend to dissipate, and the views of the mountains are apparent. Of course, summer and winter are not ideal for trekking, but the trek can still be done all year round.

Sunset view from Kala Pathar

The monsoon occurs in the summer, and trekking trails become muddy and slippery with the constant rain. The sights of the mountains are also less fair than in the autumn or spring seasons.

The high Himalayas pass tends to become blocked in the winter due to heavy snow. In addition, the region experiences extreme cold because of freezing temperatures.

That is why autumn and spring are considered the busiest trekking seasons. Most trekkers to the Everest region arrive during this time, so hotels and plane tickets become booked quickly.

Is the Everest Base Camp Trek really hard?

Many factors make a trek to the Everest base camp seem insurmountable. Some of these aren’t limited to the weather, the terrain, altitude sickness, hunger and thirst, the need for a guide, lack of training, lack of experience, the trekker’s emotional state, and the trekker’s physical health.

These factors can combine to make a seemingly simple expedition into something far more challenging than expected. Therefore, it would help to research any trek before committing to a specific one. I want you to understand what is involved and what you must bring.

If you plan to take the trek to the base camp of Mt. Everest, you might wonder if it’s hard. Well, not exactly. It is better than you might imagine. However, it is more demanding than many people would think.

So, if you are looking forward to this exciting adventure and would love to explore the Himalayas, here is an overview of a guide to Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty.

Packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek

Essential trekking equipment for the Everest Base Camp Trek includes proper hiking boots, sleeping bags, duffle bags, hiking poles, and appropriate walking clothes.

It would help if you had trekking boots that you are comfortable with. Trekking in boots that you are not comfortable in can result in blisters on your foot and an unpleasant trip ruined continuously by the feeling of uncomfortable boots in the mountains.

So, having functional and comfortable trekking boots is essential. It is also highly recommended to pack as light as possible.

Essential pack for ebc trek
The packing items for the EBC trek

Lighty pack – aim for 10-15 kilograms. It will result in fewer hassles and chances of things. In the mountains, porters are generally hired to carry duffle bags.

A porter can carry up to 20 kilograms of weight between two people. So, packing a duffle bag that does not exceed the weight of more than 10 kg is the most appropriate way.

Hotels in Kathmandu also provide safety storage lockers where you can store excess luggage, which is unnecessary for the trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek Map

The Everest Base Camp Trek Map is crucial for the hikers to get the information ahead, whatever trail info, altitude, things to do, and distance. Here’s the Everest Base Camp Trek map on Google, but we recommend buying a hard copy of the map, which is updated.

Accommodations, i.e., Tea-houses

Kathmandu has a wide range of hotels ranging from three-star to five-star categories. Once the trek commences, the guesthouses and tea houses offer services with basic amenities in the mountain. That is not to say that the accommodations are not comfortable.

Generally, the guesthouses and the lodges are very comfortable, and breakfast and dinner will be served there.

Tea-houses in Everest base Camp Trek
Accommodation during EBC Trek

Generally, twin-sharing lodge-to-lodge accommodations are available in the mountains. However, the trekkers are sometimes required to share the room with other trekkers (of the same gender).

Electricity is available at all lodges, and some even have Wi-Fi services. However, laundry services are unavailable except at Namche, Lukla, and Phakding. And the extra amount will apply to using hot water.

Meals on EBC Trek

Regarding meals, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals are available. Breakfast in the guesthouses саn differs from oats, toast, eggs, pancakes, and juice to a dumpling, noodles, and pasta. For dinner, trekkers generally have rice and vegetables. Lunch will be served along the journey from one destination to another at noon.

Drinking water is possible to buy from the shops in the mountains. The cost of a liter of water during trekking is about USD 100 or 150.

Local food during the EBC Trekking
Local meals

Trekkers can also bring water-purifying tablets with them. This method is the best for drinking water because it is less environmentally harmful than buying plastic water bottles.

It is easier to carry and execute. There are many springs, wells, and pumps in the villages. Filling up a bottle and purifying it with the tablet makes it appropriate for drinking. It is crucial to know that tap waters are unsuitable for direct consumption.

Although preventive measures like water-purifying tablets are necessary before consuming the water during trekking.

Altitude Sickness & Acclimatization

Altitude sickness is a condition of the body. It occurs when the body cannot adjust to the high-altitude needs in the mountains. The occurrence of this sickness varies from person to person.

The condition can even become dangerous if the symptoms are not adequately managed. That is why having proper and enough acclimatization time is vital while trekking to let the body adjust to the altitude difference. Continuing through the trek without properly acclimatizing is harmful, especially for novice trekkers.

Some common AMS Symptoms

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Hard sleeping

You stay appropriately hydrated while trekking, and eating constantly for energy is crucial. I would recommend that you go slow and steady in your comfortable pacing.

The trekkers apply for medicines like Diamox that help to prevent sickness. Some trekkers even take treatment from the beginning of the trek from Kathmandu itself.

If the symptoms of the illness occur, one can’t continue. Then, staying and resting until one feels better is advised before continuing.


There are many money exchange centers in Kathmandu where you can exchange foreign currency. However, taking foreign currency in the mountains is unnecessary because it can be a hassle. Instead, changing money before the trek starts is the best way to avoid unnecessary hassles while on tour.

The local currency also lets one buy things and pay for mountain services. There are two places where you will find ATMs in Lukla and Namche Bazaar on the EBC Trek.

Everest Three Pass trek guide
Our Guide Cheers with nature

The Everest Base Camp Trek is a journey that takes trekkers out of their comfort zone. But that is one of its many appeals.

The trail contains many highlights, like the vantage point of Kalapathar, famous for its panoramic view of Mount Everest massif, the holy Tengboche monastery, the Khumbu glacier, and icefall.

Similarly, Namche Bazaar is also called” the Gateway to Everest,” the Sagarmatha National Park, the verdant rhododendron forests, and the Himalayas.

It is a great way to observe local culture and enjoy the mountainous landscape of Khumbu. It is a journey that must be done at least once in life!

Some Frequently Asked Questions

How long does the Everest Base Camp Trek take?

The itineraries are variants for the Everest Base Camp Trek. It takes 7 – 9 days to reach EBC and 4 – 5 days to descend to Lukla. Therefore, a 12-day Everest Base Camp Trek is an average to complete on a 130-kilometer round-trip. If you still have a tight holiday, you may choose the short Everest Base Camp Trek, which can be done in 10 days.

How much does the Everest Base Camp Trek cost?

The Everest Base Camp trek cost depends on the services offered by the trekking company you choose. The tour price ranges from $750 to $2000 per person based on the services. International tour operators offer this trek from $1200 to $3000. As a local tour operator, we provide an inclusive package for EBC Trek, which is $1680 per person, private or group.

How difficult is it to hike to Everest Base Camp?

There is no doubt that Everest Base Camp Trek is a challenging journey. However, the difficulty level can vary depending on your fitness level, experience, and preparation. Some sections may be more strenuous, but the overall experience is worth it!

Can you see Mount Everest from its base camp?

No, you can’t see the summits of Everest from its base camp. It is a reason why the Everest base camp tour involves a slight slope recognized as Kala Patthar since it is visible Mt. Everest along with Nuptse and Lhotse.

Plan Trip to Nepal

Get in Touch with a local travel specialist who can help organize your trip.


We hope you enjoyed this comprehensive guide to Everest Base Camp Trek. Now it’s time to pack your backpack for the most iconic Everest Base camp trek. And check out how to trek to Everest Base Camp for ease to embark on this incredible journey.

Hence, you may find many trekking agencies that offer Everest Base camp trek packages, but you need to compare their services, safety standards, and, most importantly, trip reviews.

Our Himalayan Exploration team helps you design a handcrafted itinerary for a better experience on your next expedition to the Everest base camp.

About Author

Kumar Lama
Kumar Lama is a founder of Himalayan Exploration Treks Pvt. Ltd. He is leading a team of travel professional offering tailor made travel services across Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.


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