The Everest Base camp Trek guide gives you all the required information about EBC Trek. The Everest Base Camp is one of the most famous destinations for trekking in the country.
Nepal is renowned as “the Land of the Himalayas.” Moreover, it’s relatively small; the country has a wide range of diversities in geography, culture, and wildlife. Among the fourteen tallest mountains globally, Nepal has 8 of them, including Mount Everest- the tallest mountain on the planet.
Trekking in Nepal has become one of the most sought-after adventures to do among enthusiastic travelers and trekkers worldwide. The area has many fantastic trekking destinations that vary from each other regarding topography, cultural prominence, and landscape.
- Everest Base Camp Trek
- Highlights of EBC Trek
- Getting to Everest Base Camp
- Entry permits & requirements for EBC Trek
- The Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary
- Everest Base Camp Trek Route Variant
- Best time for Everest Base Camp Trek
- Packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek
- Everest Base Camp Trek Map
- Accommodations, i.e., Tea-houses
- Meals on EBC Trek
- Altitude Sickness & Acclimatization
- Some Frequently Asked Questions
Everest Base Camp Trek
The journey to the EBC Trek is an excellent opportunity to experience the Everest region (also called the Khumbu). Many amazing features and aspects, like rich Sherpa culture, beautiful mountainous landscape brimming with river valleys, moraines, glaciers, and magnificent views that consists of some of the tallest mountains on the planet.
The Khumbu is a mainly Sherpa settlement of Nepal. The region is a vibrant and dense concentration of Sherpa traditions and practices that are not found anywhere else in the country.
The legendary Sherpa people are also famous for their mountain-climbing ability and their agility in the Himalayas. As the indigenous mountain people mostly follow a unique form of Buddhism.
The Khumbu region is ornamented with many Tsortens, monasteries, prayer flags, and Mani wall carvings. The hiking trail of the Everest Base Camp Trekking goes through numerous villages of the Khumbu and follows significant mountain rivers that drain the region.
Additionally, the Everest base camp trekking route is decorated with alpine forests and pastures in the lowlands and snowy acreages as the elevation rise.
It goes through the heart of the Himalayas overlooking the white mountain like the Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Changtse, Thamserku, Kongdi Ri, and many more are also a constant presence as one trek on the fantastic trail.
Highlights of EBC Trek
- Tenzing Hillary Airport – a dangerous airport in the world
- Sagarmatha National Park- a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site
- Tengboche monastery- main monastery in the Khumbu region
- Kala Patthar- an excellent place to enjoy Everest views
- Picturesque icefall along the Khumbu Glacier
- Gokyo Ri- an alternative destination for Everest’s best views
- Mesmerizing Gokyo Lakes and other glacial lakes
Getting to Everest Base Camp
Most of the people fly to Lukla from Kathmandu is the quickest way to get to Everest Base Camp. The unpredictable weather makes it very difficult to land at the airport successfully.
Nepal Government is supposed to shut down the airport from September 1, 2019, to maintain the runway. All the flights will operate from Manthali to Lukla airport, rated as the most dangerous airport in the world. If the flights change in Lukla: This is what professionals do for arranging your Everest Base Camp Trek.
Lukla is the doorway to the Everest region. Many trekkers begin their trek to Everest Base Camp from there. It brings multi-day adventure and tends to walk around 10 to 15 kilometers in a day and have a rest day in between to acclimatize to the high altitude.
Namche Bazaar is the popular stop for acclimatization. The trekking route marks well, and there are numerous lodges along the way.
Entry permits & requirements for EBC Trek
Every year, thousands of trekkers and travelers visit the country to enjoy its many natural, cultural, and traditional hallmarks. Among all the trekking destinations of Nepal, the Everest region is the most famous.
The EBC trek is the most widely made trekking responsible for many revenue generations in tourism. One would think that trekking to the Everest base camp requires much effort and money, but that cannot be much farther than the truth. Everest base camp trekking is cheap, affordable to do, саn be always done of the year, and by people of all demographics.
Although, it is possible to do novice first-time trekkers as well as experienced mountaineers.
Anyone trekking to Nepal needs to purchase a TIMS card except if you are traveling to restricted areas. In that case, the permit will be adequate.
TIMS card charges $10 when you are going through the company and $20 if you are traveling independently.
Before starting your entire trek, it is necessary to purchase the Sagarmatha National Park Entrance fee, which price almost $30 per person.
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The Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary
The journey to the EBC Trek usually starts with a flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. A plane takes about 30 to 40 minutes and is rated as one of the most dramatic short flyings on Earth.
The Lukla Airport is also fascinating and has a single runway that drops off to a gaping open valley below as the run-way ends. The terrain at Lukla is quite different from Kathmandu. This change is felt immediately as one lands at Lukla.
From the village of Lukla, the trekking trail then proceeds to go through villages like Phakding Monjo into the Sagarmatha national park. Likewise, Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, and Gorakshep before reaching the Everest base camp.
Generally, the trekking journey lasts for two weeks. But this duration may vary according to the trekker’s requirements and conveniences. The length from one place to another place takes about five to six hours as the distance between two consecutive villages.
Acclimatization is usually done in the famous Namche Bazaar and Dingboche. Here’s a 12-days Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary as given below.
- Arrival in Kathmandu.
- Free day in Kathmandu
- Kathmandu –Lukla (2800m) – Phakding(2600m) 40 minute by plane and 3h00 walk.
- Trek to Namche Bazaar. (3440 m) 6h00 walk.
- Acclimatization day, explore the village.
- Namche – Tengboche (3860m)
- Tengboche – Dingboche (4410m)
- Acclimatization day!
- Dingboche – Labuche (4900m) 5h00 walk
- Lobuche – Everest Base Camp (5364m) – Gorakshep (5140m) 7h00 walk.
- Gorakshep – Kalapattar (5545m) – Pangboche (3900m) 7h00 walk.
- Pangboche – Namche 6h00 walk
- Namche – Lukla 7h00 walk.
- Lukla – Kathmandu (Hotel includes)
- Free day in Kathmandu (Hotel includes)
- Final departure.
Everest Base Camp Trek Route Variant
Gokyo Lakes via EBC Trek
Gokyo Lakes Trek is an astonishing variant on the Everest Base Camp Trek. The route begins in Lukla and continues for the first three days in the traditional EBC Trek to the Namche Bazaar. It goes northwest through the towns of Dole and Machhermo, to the beautiful Gokyo Lakes. The path then climbs up to Gokyo Ri (5,483 meters) and crosses Cho La Pass (5,420 meters) before getting to the iconic Everest base camp trek at Lobuche.
It adds 2 to 3 days to an average Gokyo Lakes Trek via Everest Base camp but gives you an excellent opportunity to get away from crowds on the busy Everest Trail and to walk up and down on various routes.
Island peak Climb via EBC
Trekkers stay for a night in Chhuckung (4730 m) before returning via Kongma La Pass (5535 m). It is a long, alternative way back to Lobuche from the traditional Everest Base Camp Trail.
Island Peak is one of 33 trekking peaks in Nepal. With an altitude of 6,189 m, Island Peak is a real challenge but requires beginners (although you have to climb with ice axes and crampons comfortably). Many climbers are acclimating to Island Peak using a traditional Everest Base Camp trek.
Once you return from Everest Base Camp, you can either walk to Chhukung via Dingboche or traverse the Kongma La Pass to Chhukhung (4730 m) from Lobuche. You can walk from here to Island Peak Base Camp (5,120 m) for a hike/ascension up to Island Peaks Summit.
The summit usually takes 2-days and the entire journey between 18-20 days, including Everest Base Camp. Read more about Climbing Island Peak here.
Everest Three Passes Trek
The Everest 3 pass Trek is a more difficult variation than the classic Everest Base camp trek as it comprises three high passes. The Everest Three Pass Trek begins the same way as Everest Base Camp Trek to Namche Bazaar.
Here, the route turns west to Thame as and remote Nangpa Valley. The trail heads up to Dudh Koshi valley, as you meet first of the Three Passes – Ranjo – La. From here, you will be rewarded the magnificent view of Everest before descending to Gokyo Lakes and its valley.
The route then turns east to make your journey to Chola Pass as it connects the Gokyo Valley and Everest Base Camp. From here, the trail goes down to reconnect the EBC trek route and take an awe-inspiring vista of Everest and surrounding peaks when you climb up to an iconic viewpoint of Kala Pathar.
You proceed onto the base camp itself before descending to Lobuche. The trail goes east again to attempt the final pass of the Khongma La pass. It then gradually descends to Chhukung and continues to climb Chhukung Ri.
You will still have incredible views of surrounding peaks that you wouldn’t on the typical EBC Trek route. Returning to Lukla through the main Everest trail completes the circuit.
Jiri to Everest Base camp
A variation of Jiri to EBC Trek is providing an alternative to flying into Lukla Kathmandu to start a trek. This variation commences with an 8-hour bus ride from Kathmandu to Jiri, where the trek begins.
This variation adds 5/6 additional days to the trip while crossing the region of Solukhumbu. You will pass Lukla, where the trek follows the same route that the classic Everest Base Camp Trek takes.
It includes a scenic but long road trip and a significant increase in exposure to Tibetan and Sherpa cultures. Enjoy trekking in more forests and streams, starting at the relatively low altitude of 1,800 meters and going up towards Lukla and beyond.
Best time for Everest Base Camp Trek
The Everest Base Camp Trek can do at any time of the year and is available to do throughout the year. Nepal mainly experiences four seasons. The autumn (September to December), spring (March to May), winter (the end of December to February), and summer (June to August).
The autumn and the spring seasons are the best seasons for the EBC trek because the weather conditions during these months are vastly favorable and suitable. The clouds tend to dissipate, and the views of the mountains are so visible. Summer and winter are not ideal for trekking, but the trek can still do all year round.
The monsoon occurs in the summer months, and trekking trails become muddy and slippery with the constant rain. The sights of the mountains are also not as fair as the autumn or spring seasons.
In the winter, high passes in the Himalayas tend to become blocked due to heavy snow. The region experiences extreme cold because of freezing temperatures.
That is why autumn and spring are considered the busiest trekking seasons. As most of the trekkers to the Everest region arrive during this time, and hotels and plane tickets become booked quickly.
Packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek
Essential trekking equipment for the Everest Base Camp Trek includes proper trekking boots, sleeping bags, duffle bags, hiking poles, and appropriate walking clothes.
It is equally essential to have trekking boots that you are comfortable with and have “broken into.” Trekking in boots that you are not comfortable in can result in blisters on foot and just an unpleasant trip ruined continuously by the feel of uncomfortable boots in the mountainous terrain.
So, having functional and comfortable trekking boots is essential. It is also highly recommended to pack as light as possible.
Lighty pack – aim for 10-15 kilograms. It will result in fewer hassles and chances of things. In the mountains, porters are generally hiring for carrying duffle bags.
A porter can carry up to 20 kilograms of weight between two people. So, packing a duffle bag that does not exceed the weight of more than 10 kg is the most appropriate way to go.
Hotels in Kathmandu are also providing services of safety storage lockers where you саn store your excess luggage, which is not necessary for the trek.
Everest Base Camp Trek Map
The Everest Base Camp Trek Map is crucial for the hikers to get the information ahead, whatever trail info, altitude, things to do, and distance. Here’s Google Maps of Everest Base Camp, but we recommend buying a hard copy of the maps, which is updated.
Accommodations, i.e., Tea-houses
Kathmandu has a wide range of hotels ranging from three-star to five-star categories. Once the trek commences, the guesthouses and tea-houses offer the services with basic amenities in the mountain. That is not to say that the accommodations are not comfortable.
Generally, the guesthouses and the lodges are very comfortable, and breakfast and dinner will serve there.
Generally, twin-sharing lodge to lodge accommodations is available in the mountains. The trekkers are sometimes required to share the room with other trekkers (of the same gender).
Electricity is available at all lodges, and some even have Wi-Fi services. Laundry services are not available, except at Namche, Lukla, and Phakding. And the extra amount will apply for using hot water.
Meals on EBC Trek
Regarding meals, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals are available. Breakfast in the guesthouses саn differs from oats, toasts, eggs, pancakes, and juice to a dumpling, noodles, and pasta. For dinner, trekkers generally have rice and vegetables. Lunch will serve along the journey from one destination to another at noon.
Drinking water is possible to buy from the shops in the mountains. The cost of a liter of water during trekking is about USD 100 or 150.
Trekkers can also bring water-purifying tablets with them. This method is the best for drinking water because it is less harmful to the environment than buying plastic water bottles.
It is easier to carry and execute. There are many springs, wells, and pumps in the villages. And filling up a bottle and purifying it with the tablet makes it appropriate for drinking. It is crucial to know that the tap waters are not suitable for direct consumption.
Although using precautionary measures like water-purifying tablets are necessary before consuming the water during trekking.
Altitude Sickness & Acclimatization
Altitude sickness is a condition of the body. It occurs when the body is not able to adjust to the high-altitude conditions in the mountains. The occurrence of this sickness varies from person to person.
If the illness symptoms are not taken care of properly, the condition саn even turns dangerous. That is why having proper and enough acclimatization time is vital while trekking to let the body adjust to the altitude difference. Continuing through the trek without properly acclimatizing is harmful, especially for novice trekkers.
Some common AMS Symptoms
- Loss of appetite
- Hard sleeping
It is crucial to stay appropriately hydrated while trekking and eating contently for energy. Going slow and steady in your comfortable pacing is recommended.
The trekkers apply for medicines like Diamox that help to prevent sickness. Some trekkers even take medicine from the very beginning of the trek from Kathmandu itself.
If the symptoms of the illness occur and one can’t continue further on. Then, it is advised to stay and rest until one feels better before continuing.
There are many money exchange centers in Kathmandu where you can exchange foreign currency. Taking foreign currency in the mountains is not advisable because it can prove to be a hassle. Instead, changing money before the trek starts is the best way to avoid unnecessary hassles while on a trek.
The local currency also lets one buy things and pay for services in the mountains. There are two places where you will find ATMs at Lukla and Namche Bazaar on the EBC Trek.
The Everest Base Camp Trek is a journey that takes trekkers out of their comfort zone. But that is one of its many appeals.
The trail contains many highlights, like the vantage point of Kalapathar, which is famous for its panoramic view of the entire Mount Everest massif. Moreover, the holy Tengboche monastery, the Khumbu glacier, and icefall.
Similarly, the town of Namche Bazaar is also referred to as “the Gateway to Everest,” the Sagarmatha national park, verdant rhododendron forests, and of course- the Himalayas.
It is a great way to observe Sherpa culture and to enjoy the mountainous landscape of the Khumbu. It is a journey that must do at least once in life!
Some Frequently Asked Questions
The itineraries are variants for the Everest Base Camp Trek. It takes 7 – 9-days to reach EBC and 4 – 5-days to descend to Lukla. 12-days Everest Base Camp Trek is an average to complete on a 130 kilometers round-trip. If you still have a tight holiday, you may choose the short Everest Base Camp Trek, which is possible to do in 10-days.
The Everest Base camp trek cost depends on the services offered by the trekking company you choose. The tour price is ranging from $750 to $2000 per person based on the services. International tour operators offer this trek from $1200 to $3000. As a local tour operator, we offer an inclusive package for EBC Trek is $1680 per person, either private or group.
It is not hard to trek to the Everest Base Camp while you are physically fit. But it would help if you took proper acclimatization to deal with the altitude and carry useful gears.
No, you can’t see the summits of Everest from its base camp. It is a reason why the Everest base camp tour involves a small slope recognized as Kala Pathar since it is visible Mt. Everest along with Nuptse and Lhotse.
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