Everest Base Camp Trek: A Complete Guide For EBC Trek
Everest Base Camp/EBC Trek

Nepal is renowned as “the Land of the Himalayas.” Moreover, it’s relatively small; the country has a wide range of diversities in geography, culture, and wildlife. Among the fourteen tallest mountains globally, Nepal has 8 of them, including Mount Everest- the tallest mountain on the planet. The Everest Base Camp is one of the most famous destinations for trekking in the country. This guide to Everest Base camp Trek gives you all the required information about EBC Trek.

Trekking in Nepal has become one of the most sought-after adventures to do among enthusiastic global travelers and trekkers. The Everest Region has many fantastic trekking itineraries that vary from each other regarding topography, cultural prominence, and landscape.

Everest Base Camp Trek

The journey to the Everest Base Camp Trek is an excellent opportunity to experience the Everest region (also called the Khumbu). Many amazing features and aspects, like rich Sherpa culture, beautiful mountainous landscape brimming with river valleys, moraines, glaciers, and magnificent views that consists of some of the tallest mountains on the planet.

The Khumbu is a mainly Sherpa settlement of Nepal. The region is a vibrant and dense concentration of Sherpa traditions and practices that are not found anywhere else in the country.

The legendary Sherpa people are also famous for their mountain-climbing ability and their agility in the Himalayas. As the indigenous mountain people mostly follow a unique form of Buddhism.

Namche Bazaar, the capital of the Everest region

The Khumbu region is ornamented with many Tsortens, monasteries, prayer flags, and Mani wall carvings. The hiking trail of the Everest Base Camp Trekking goes through numerous villages of the Khumbu and follows significant mountain rivers that drain the region.

Additionally, the Everest base camp trekking route is decorated with alpine forests and pastures in the lowlands and snowy acreages as the elevation rise.

It goes through the heart of the Himalayas overlooking the white mountain like the Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Changtse, Thamserku, Kongdi Ri, and many more are also a constant presence as one trek on the fantastic trail.

Highlights of EBC Trek

  • Tenzing Hillary Airport – a dangerous airport in the world
  • Sagarmatha National Park- a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site
  • Tengboche monastery- main monastery in the Khumbu region
  • Kala Patthar- an excellent place to enjoy Everest views
  • Picturesque icefall along the Khumbu Glacier
  • Gokyo Ri- an alternative destination for Everest’s best views
  • Mesmerizing Gokyo Lakes and other glacial lakes

Getting to Everest Base Camp

Most of the people fly to Lukla from Kathmandu is the quickest way to get to Everest Base Camp. The unpredictable weather makes it very difficult to land at the airport successfully.

Sometimes, Tribhuvan International Airport is undergoing maintenance or upgrading the features of air safety, at the time, all the flights will reroute from Manthali to Lukla airport, rated as the most dangerous airport in the world. If the flights change in Lukla: This is what professionals do for arranging your Everest Base Camp Trek.

Lukla is the doorway to the Everest region. Many trekkers begin their trek to Everest Base Camp from there. It brings multi-day adventure and tends to walk around 10 to 15 kilometers in a day and have a rest day in between to acclimatize to the high altitude.

Namche Bazaar is the popular stop for acclimatization. The trekking route marks well, and there are numerous lodges along the way.

Lukla Airport, gateway to Everest base camp
Lukla Airport, the gateway of the Everest region

Entry permits & requirements for EBC Trek

Every year, thousands of trekkers and travelers visit the country to enjoy its many natural, cultural, and traditional hallmarks. Among all the trekking destinations of Nepal, the Everest region is the most famous for trekking and mountaineering.

The EBC trek is the most widely made trekking responsible for many revenue generations in tourism. One would think that trekking to the Everest base camp requires much effort and money, but that cannot be much farther than the truth. Everest base camp trekking is cheap, affordable to do, саn be always done of the year, and by people of all demographics.

Although, it is possible to do novice first-time trekkers as well as experienced mountaineers.

Anyone trekking to Nepal needs to purchase a TIMS card except if you are traveling to restricted areas. In that case, the permit will be adequate.

TIMS card charges $10 when you are going through the company and $20 if you are traveling independently.

Before starting your entire trek, it is necessary to purchase the Sagarmatha National Park Entrance fee, which price almost $30 per person.

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Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary

The journey to the EBC Trek usually starts with a flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. A plane takes about 30 to 40 minutes and is rated as one of the most dramatic short flyings on Earth.

The Lukla Airport is also fascinating and has a single runway that drops off to a gaping open valley below as the run-way ends. The terrain at Lukla is quite different from Kathmandu. This change is felt immediately as one lands at Lukla.

Tengboche monastery en route EBC Trek
The largest monastery in the Everest region

From the village of Lukla, the trekking trail then proceeds to go through villages like Phakding Monjo into the Sagarmatha national park. Likewise, Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, and Gorakshep before reaching the Everest base camp.  

Generally, the trekking journey lasts for two weeks. But this duration may vary according to the trekker’s requirements and conveniences. The length from one place to another place takes about five to six hours as the distance between two consecutive villages.

Acclimatization is usually done in the famous Namche Bazaar and Dingboche.

DaysItineraryAltitude in MetersDistance
1.Arrival day1350
2.Free day & Trek Preparation
3.Fly to Lukla then trek to Phakding2650 3h00
4.Phakding to Namche34406h00
5.Acclimatization day!
6.Namche to Tengboche3850 5h00
7.Tengboche to Dingboche4410 6h00
8.Acclimatization day!
9.Dingboche to Lobuche49005h00
10.Trek to Gorakshep then explore EBC (5364 meters)51407h00
11.Hike to Kalapatthar (5545 meters) then trek to Pangboche 39007h30
12.Pangboche to Namche 3440 6h00
13.Namche to Lukla28507h00
14.Fly out to Kathmandu and leisure in the afternoon.
15.Free day in Kathmandu and shopping
16.Final departure
Khumjung Village

Best time for Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp Trek can do a trek at any time of the year and is available to do throughout the year. Nepal mainly experiences four seasons. The autumn (September to December), spring (March to May), winter (the end of December to February), and summer (June to August).

The autumn and the spring seasons are the best seasons for Everest Base Camp Trek because the weather conditions during these months are vastly favorable and suitable. The clouds tend to dissipate, and the views of the mountains are so visible. Summer and winter are not ideal for trekking, but the trek can still do all year round.

Sunset view from Kala Pathar

The monsoon occurs in the summer months, and trekking trails become muddy and slippery with the constant rain. The sights of the mountains are also not as fair as the autumn or spring seasons.

In the winter, high passes in the Himalayas tend to become blocked due to heavy snow. The region experiences extreme cold because of freezing temperatures.

That is why autumn and spring are considered the busiest trekking seasons. As most of the trekkers to the Everest region arrive during this time, hotels and plane tickets become booked quickly.

Packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek

Essential trekking equipment for the Everest Base Camp Trek includes proper trekking boots, sleeping bags, duffle bags, hiking poles, and appropriate walking clothes.

It is equally essential to have trekking boots that you are comfortable with and have “broken into.” Trekking in boots that you are not comfortable in can result in blisters on foot and just an unpleasant trip ruined continuously by the feel of uncomfortable boots in the mountainous terrain.

So, having functional and comfortable trekking boots is essential. It is also highly recommended to pack as light as possible.

Essential pack for ebc trek
The packing items for the EBC trek

Lighty pack – aim for 10-15 kilograms. It will result in fewer hassles and chances of things. In the mountains, porters are generally hiring for carrying duffle bags.

A porter can carry up to 20 kilograms of weight between two people. So, packing a duffle bag that does not exceed the weight of more than 10 kg is the most appropriate way to go.

Hotels in Kathmandu are also providing services of safety storage lockers where you саn store your excess luggage, which is not necessary for the trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek Map

The Everest Base Camp Trek Map is crucial for the hikers to get the information ahead, whatever trail info, altitude, things to do, and distance. Here’s the Everest Base Camp Trek map on Google, but we recommend buying a hard copy of the maps, which is updated.

Accommodations, i.e., Tea-houses

Kathmandu has a wide range of hotels ranging from three-star to five-star categories. Once the trek commences, the guesthouses and tea-houses offer the services with basic amenities in the mountain. That is not to say that the accommodations are not comfortable.

Generally, the guesthouses and the lodges are very comfortable, and breakfast and dinner will serve there.

Tea-houses in Everest base Camp Trek
Accommodation during EBC Trek

Generally, twin-sharing lodge to lodge accommodations is available in the mountains. The trekkers are sometimes required to share the room with other trekkers (of the same gender).

Electricity is available at all lodges, and some even have Wi-Fi services. Laundry services are not available, except at Namche, Lukla, and Phakding. And the extra amount will apply for using hot water.

Meals on EBC Trek

Regarding meals, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals are available. Breakfast in the guesthouses саn differs from oats, toasts, eggs, pancakes, and juice to a dumpling, noodles, and pasta. For dinner, trekkers generally have rice and vegetables. Lunch will serve along the journey from one destination to another at noon.

Drinking water is possible to buy from the shops in the mountains. The cost of a liter of water during trekking is about USD 100 or 150.

Local food during the EBC Trekking
Local meals

Trekkers can also bring water-purifying tablets with them. This method is the best for drinking water because it is less harmful to the environment than buying plastic water bottles.

It is easier to carry and execute. There are many springs, wells, and pumps in the villages. And filling up a bottle and purifying it with the tablet makes it appropriate for drinking. It is crucial to know that the tap waters are not suitable for direct consumption.

Although using precautionary measures like water-purifying tablets are necessary before consuming the water during trekking.

Altitude Sickness & Acclimatization

Altitude sickness is a condition of the body. It occurs when the body is not able to adjust to the high-altitude conditions in the mountains. The occurrence of this sickness varies from person to person.

If the illness symptoms are not taken care of properly, the condition саn even turns dangerous. That is why having proper and enough acclimatization time is vital while trekking to let the body adjust to the altitude difference. Continuing through the trek without properly acclimatizing is harmful, especially for novice trekkers.

Some common AMS Symptoms

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Hard sleeping

It is crucial to stay appropriately hydrated while trekking and eating contently for energy. Going slow and steady in your comfortable pacing is recommended.

The trekkers apply for medicines like Diamox that help to prevent sickness. Some trekkers even take medicine from the very beginning of the trek from Kathmandu itself.

If the symptoms of the illness occur and one can’t continue further on. Then, it is advised to stay and rest until one feels better before continuing.


There are many money exchange centers in Kathmandu where you can exchange foreign currency. Taking foreign currency in the mountains is not advisable because it can prove to be a hassle. Instead, changing money before the trek starts is the best way to avoid unnecessary hassles while on a trek.

The local currency also lets one buy things and pay for services in the mountains. There are two places where you will find ATMs at Lukla and Namche Bazaar on the EBC Trek.

Everest Three Pass trek guide
Our Guide Cheers with nature

The Everest Base Camp Trek is a journey that takes trekkers out of their comfort zone. But that is one of its many appeals.

The trail contains many highlights, like the vantage point of Kalapathar, which is famous for its panoramic view of the entire Mount Everest massif. Moreover, the holy Tengboche monastery, the Khumbu glacier, and icefall.

Similarly, the town of Namche Bazaar is also referred to as “the Gateway to Everest,” the Sagarmatha national park, verdant rhododendron forests, and of course- the Himalayas.

It is a great way to observe Sherpa culture and to enjoy the mountainous landscape of the Khumbu. It is a journey that must do at least once in life!

Some Frequently Asked Questions

How long does the Everest Base Camp Trek take?

The itineraries are variants for the Everest Base Camp Trek. It takes 7 – 9-days to reach EBC and 4 – 5-days to descend to Lukla. 12-days Everest Base Camp Trek is an average to complete on a 130 kilometers round-trip. If you still have a tight holiday, you may choose the short Everest Base Camp Trek, which is possible to do in 10-days.

How much does the Everest Base Camp Trek cost?

The Everest Base camp trek cost depends on the services offered by the trekking company you choose. The tour price is ranging from $750 to $2000 per person based on the services. International tour operators offer this trek from $1200 to $3000. As a local tour operator, we offer an inclusive package for EBC Trek is $1680 per person, either private or group.

How difficult is it to hike to Everest Base Camp?

It is not hard to trek to the Everest Base Camp while you are physically fit. But it would help if you take proper acclimatization to deal with the altitude and carry useful gears.

Can you see Mount Everest from its base camp?

No, you can’t see the summits of Everest from its base camp. It is a reason why the Everest base camp tour involves a small slope recognized as Kala Pathar since it is visible Mt. Everest along with Nuptse and Lhotse.

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We hope you enjoyed this comprehensive guide to Everest Base Camp Trek. Now it’s time to pack up your backpack to go for the most iconic Everest Base camp trek. Hence, you may find many trekking agencies that offer Everest Base camp trek packages but you need to compare their services, safety standards, and most importantly trip reviews. Our team at Himalayan Exploration helps you to design a handcrafted itinerary for a better experience of your next expedition to the Everest base camp.

About Author

Kumar Lama
Kumar Lama is a founder of Himalayan Exploration Treks Pvt. Ltd. He is leading a team of travel professional offering tailor made travel services across Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.


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