Everest Base Camp Trek: A Complete Guide For EBC Trek
Everest Base Camp/EBC Trek

The Everest Base camp Trek guide gives you all the required information about Everest Base Camp Trek. The EBC Trek is one of the most famous destinations for trekking in the country. Nepal is renowned as “the Land of the Himalayas.” Moreover, its relatively small, the country has a wide range of diversities in terms of geography, culture, and wildlife. Among the ten tallest mountains in the world, Nepal has 8 of them, including Mount Everest- the tallest mountain on the planet.

Trekking in Nepal has become one of the most sought-after adventures to do among enthusiastic travelers and trekkers all over the world. The area has many fantastic trekking destinations that vary from each other regarding topography, their cultural prominence, and landscape.

Everest Base Camp Trek

The journey to the EBC Trek is an excellent opportunity to experience the Everest region’s (also called the Khumbu). Many amazing features and aspects, like rich Sherpa culture, beautiful mountainous landscape brimming with river valleys, moraines, glaciers, and magnificent views that consists of some of the tallest mountains on the planet.

The Khumbu is a mainly Sherpa settlement of Nepal. The region is a vibrant and dense concentration of Sherpa tradition and practices that are not found anywhere else in the country. The legendary Sherpa people are also famous for their mountain-climbing ability and their agility in the Himalayas. As the indigenous mountain people mostly follow a unique form of Buddhism.

Namche Bazaar, the capital of Everest region

The Khumbu region ornamented with many Tsortens, monasteries, prayer flags, and Mani wall carvings. The trekking trail of the Everest Base Camp Trek goes through numerous villages of the Khumbu and follows significant mountain rivers that drain the region.

Additionally, the path to the base camp decorated with alpine forests, and pastures in the lowlands and snowy acreages as the elevation rises. It goes through the heart of the Himalayas with overlooking the white mountain like the Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Changtse, Thamserku, Kongdi Ri and many more are also a constant presence as one trek on the fantastic trail.

Highlights of Everest Base Camp Trek

  • Tenzing Hillary Airport – a dangerous airport in the world
  • Sagarmatha National Park- a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site
  • Tengboche monastery- main monastery in the Khumbu region
  • Kala Patthar- an excellent place to enjoy Everest views
  • Picturesque icefall along the Khumbu Glacier
  • Gokyo Ri- an alternative destination for Everest’s best views
  • Mesmerizing Gokyo Lakes and other glacial lakes

Getting to Everest Base Camp

Most of the people fly to Lukla from Kathmandu is the quickest way to get Everest Base Camp. Because of the unpredictable weather make it very difficult to land at the airport successfully. Nepal Government is supposed to shut down airport from September 1, 2019, for the maintenance of the runway. At the time all the flight will operate from Manthali to Lukla airport, rated as the most dangerous airport in the world. If the flights change in Lukla: This is what professionals do for arranging your Everest Base Camp Trek.

Lukla is the entrance to the Everest region; people begin to trek to EBC from there. It brings multi-week adventure and tends to walk around 10 to 15 kilometers in a day and have a rest day in between to acclimatize to the high altitude. Namche Bazaar is the popular stop for acclimatization. The trekking route marks well, and there are numerous lodges along the way.

Lukla Airport, gateway to Everest base camp
Lukla Airport, the gateway of Everest region

Entry permits & requirements

Every year, thousands of trekkers and travelers, visit the country to enjoy its many natural, cultural, and traditional hallmarks. Among all the trekking destinations of Nepal, the Everest region is the most famous. The EBC trek is the most widely made trekking responsible for a large portion of revenue generations in tourism. One would think that trekking to the Everest base camp is something that requires much effort and money, but that cannot be much farther than the truth. Everest base camp trek is cheap, affordable to do, саn be always done of the year and by people of all demographics. Although, it is possible to do a novice first-time trekkers as well as experienced mountaineers.

Anyone trekking to Nepal needs to purchase a TIMS card except if you are traveling to restricted areas. In that case, the permit will be adequate. TIMS card charges $10 when you are going through the company and $20 if you are traveling independently. Before starting your entire trek, it is necessary to purchase Everest national Park Entrance fee which price almost $30/ person.

The Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary

The journey to the EBC Trek usually starts with a flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. A plane takes about 30 to 40 minutes and rated as one of the most dramatic short flyings on Earth. The Lukla Airport is also a fascinating airport and has a single runway that drops off to gaping open valley below as the run-way ends. The terrain at Lukla is quite different from Kathmandu. This change is felt immediately as one lands at Lukla.

Tengboche monastery en route EBC Trek
The largest monastery in the Everest region

From the village of Lukla, the trekking trail then proceeds to go through villages like Phakding Monjo into the Sagarmatha national park. Likewise, Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, and Gorakshep before reaching the Everest base camp.  Generally, the trekking journey lasts for two weeks. But this duration may vary according to the trekker’s requirements and conveniences. The length from one place to another place takes about five to six hours as the distance between two consecutive villages. Acclimatization is usually doing in the famous Namche Bazaar and Dingboche. Here’s a 12-days Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary as given below.

  1. Arrival in Kathmandu.
  2. Free day in Kathmandu
  3. Kathmandu –Lukla (2800m) – Phakding(2600m) 40 minute by plane and 3h00 walk.
  4. Trek to Namche Bazaar. (3440 m) 6h00 walk.
  5. Acclimatization day, explore the village.
  6. Namche – Tengboche (3860m)
  7. Tengboche – Dingboche (4410m)
  8. Acclimatization day!
  9. Dingboche – Labuche (4900m) 5h00 walk
  10. Lobuche – Everest Base Camp (5364m) – Gorakshep (5140m) 7h00 walk.
  11. Gorakshep – Kalapattar (5545m) – Pangboche (3900m) 7h00 walk.
  12. Pangboche – Namche 6h00 walk
  13. Namche – Lukla 7h00 walk.
  14. Lukla – Kathmandu (Hotel includes)
  15. Free day in Kathmandu (Hotel includes)
  16. Final departure.

Everest Base Camp Trek Route Variant

Gokyo Lakes Trek via Everest Base Camp

Gokyo Lakes Trek is an astonishing variant on the Everest Base Camp Trek. The route begins in Lukla and continues for the first three days in the traditional EBC Trek to the Namche Bazaar. It goes north-west through the towns of Dole and Machhermo, to the beautiful Gokyo Lakes. The path then climbs up to Gokyo Ri (5,483 meters) and crosses Cho La Pass (5,420 meters) before getting to the iconic Everest base camp trek at Lobuche.

Khumjung Village

It adds 2 to 3 days to an average Gokyo Lakes Trek via Everest Base camp but gives you an excellent opportunity to get away from crowds on the busy Everest Trail and to walk up and down on various routes.

Island peak Climb via EBC

Trekkers stay for a night in Chhuckung (4730 m) before returning via Kongma La Pass (5535 m). It is a long, alternative way back to Lobuche from the traditional Everest Base Camp Trail. Island Peak is one of 33 trekking peaks in Nepal. With an altitude of 6,189 m, the Island Peak is a real challenge but requires skills as a beginner (although you have to climb with ice axes and crampons comfortably). Many climbers are acclimating for Island Peak using a traditional Everest Base Camp trek.

Once you return from Everest Base Camp, you can either walk to Chhukung via Dingboche or traverse the Kongma La Pass to Chhukhung (4730 m) from Lobuche. You can walk from here to Island Peak Base Camp (5,120 m) for a hike/ascension up to Island Peaks Summit. The summit usually takes 2-days and the entire journey between 18-20 days, including Everest Base Camp. Read more about Climbing Island Peak here.

Everest Three Passes Trek

The Everest 3 pass Trek is more difficult variation than typical Everest Base camp trek as it comprises three high passes. The Everest Three Pass Trek begins all the way same as Everest Base Camp Trek to Namche Bazaar. Here, the route turns west to Thame as and remote Nangpa Valley. The trail heads up to Dudh Koshi valley, as you meet first of the Three Passes – Ranjo – La. From here, you will be rewarded the magnificent view of Everest before descending to Gokyo Lakes, and its valley.

Sunset view from Kala Pathar

The route then turns east to make your journey to Chola Pass as it connects the Gokyo Valley and Everest Base Camp. From here, the trail goes down to reconnect EBC trek route as well as take an awe-inspiring vista of the Everest and surrounding peaks when you climb up to an iconic viewpoint of Kala Pathar. You proceed onto the base camp itself before descending to Lobuche.

The trail goes east again to attempt the final pass of the Khongma La pass. It then gradually descends to Chhukung and continue to climb Chhukung Ri. You will still have incredible views of surrounding peaks that you wouldn’t on the typical EBC Trek route. Returning to Lukla through the main Everest trail completes the circuit.

Jiri to Everest Base camp

A variation of Jiri to EBC Trek is providing an alternative to flying into Lukla Kathmandu to start a trek. This variation commences with an 8-hour bus ride from Kathmandu to Jiri, where the trek begins.

This variation adds 5/6 additional days to the trip while crossing the region of Solukhumbu. You will pass Lukla, where the trek follows the same route that classic Everest Base Camp Trek takes.

It includes a scenic but long road trip along with a significant increase in exposure to Tibetan and Sherpa cultures. Enjoy trekking in more forests and streams, starting at the relatively low altitude of 1,800 meters and going up towards Lukla and beyond.

Best time for Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp Trek can do at any time of the year and is available to do throughout the year. Nepal mainly experiences four seasons. The autumn (September to December), spring (March to May), winter (the end of December to February) and summer (June to August). The autumn and the spring seasons are the best seasons for the EBC trek because the weather conditions during these months are vastly favorable and suitable. The clouds tend to dissipate, and the views of the mountains are so visible. Summer and winter are not ideal for trekking, but the trek can still do all year round.

The monsoon occurs in the summer months, and trekking trails become muddy and slippery with the constant rain. The sights of the mountains are also not as fair as the autumn or spring seasons. In the winter, high passes in the Himalayas tend to become blocked due to heavy snow. The region experiences extreme cold because of freezing temperatures. That is why autumn and spring are considered the busiest trekking seasons. As most of the trekkers to Everest region arrive during this time, and hotels and plane tickets become booked quickly.

Packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek

Essential trekking equipment for the Everest Base Camp Trek includes proper trekking boots, sleeping bag, duffle bags, hiking poles, and appropriate walking clothes. It is equally essential to have trekking boots that you are comfortable with and have “broken into.” Trekking in boots that you are not comfortable in can result in blisters on foot and just an unpleasant trip ruined continuously by the feel of uncomfortable boots in the mountainous terrain. So, having functional and comfortable trekking boots is essential. It is also highly recommended to pack as light as possible.

Essential pack for ebc trek
The packing items for EBC trek

Lighty pack – aim for 10-15 kilogram. It will result in fewer hassles and chances of things. In the mountains, porters are generally hiring for carrying duffle bags. A porter can carry up to 20 kilograms of weight between two people. So, packing a duffle bag that does not exceed the weight of more than 10 kg is the most appropriate way to go. Hotels in Kathmandu is also providing services of safety storage lockers where you саn store your excess luggage which not necessary for the trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek Map

The Everest Base Camp Trek Map is crucial for the hikers to get the information ahead, whatever trail info, altitude, things to do, and distance. Here’s Google Maps of Everest Base Camp but we recommend you to buy a hard copy of the maps which is more updated.

Everest Base Camp Map
Everest Base camp Trek Maps

Accommodations, i.e., Tea-houses

Kathmandu has a wide range of hotels ranging from three-star to five-star categories. Once the trek commences, the availability of the services in the mountains can limit to guesthouses, tea-houses that offer more services. But the rest of the places present basic amenities. That is not to say that the accommodations are not comfortable. Generally, the guesthouses and the lodges are very comfortable, and breakfast and dinner will serve there.

Tea-houses in Everest base Camp Trek
Accommodation during EBC Trek

Generally, twin-sharing lodge to lodge accommodations is available in the mountains. The trekkers are sometimes required to share the room with other trekkers (of the same gender). Electricity is available at all lodges, and some even have Wi-Fi services. Laundry services are not available, except at Namche, Lukla, and Phakding. And the extra amount will apply for using hot water.

Meals on EBC Trek

Regarding meals, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals are available. Breakfast in the guesthouses саn differ from oats, toasts, eggs, pancakes, and juice to a dumpling, noodles, and pasta. For dinner, trekkers generally have rice and vegetables. Lunch will serve along the journey from one destination to another in the afternoon. Drinking water is possible to buy from the shops in the mountains. The cost of a liter of water during trekking is about USD 100 or 150.

Local food during the EBC Trekking
Local meals

Trekkers can also bring water-purifying tablets with them. The method is the best for drinking water because it is less harmful to the environment as opposed to buying plastic water bottles. It is easier to carry and execute. There are many springs, wells, and pumps in the villages. And filling up a bottle and purifying it with the tablet makes it appropriate for drinking. It is crucial to know that the tap waters are not suitable for direct consumption. Although using precautionary measures like water-purifying tablets are necessary before consuming the water during trekking.

Altitude Sickness & Acclimatization

Altitude sickness is a condition of the body. It occurs when the body is not able to adjust to the high-altitude conditions in the mountains. The occurrence of this sickness varies from person to person. If the symptoms of the illness are not taken care of properly, the condition саn even turn dangerous. That is why having proper and enough acclimatization time is vital while trekking to let the body adjust to the altitude difference. Continuing through the trek without properly acclimatizing is harmful, especially for novice trekkers.

Some common AMS Symptoms

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Hard sleeping

It is vital to stay appropriately hydrated while trekking and eating contently for energy. Going slow and steady in your comfortable pacing is recommended. Medicines like Diamox help to prevent sickness. Some trekkers even take medicine from the very beginning of the trek from Kathmandu itself. If the symptoms of the illness occur and one can’t continue further on. Then, it is advised to stay and rest until one feels better before continuing.

Money

There are many money exchange centers in Kathmandu where you can exchange foreign currency. Taking foreign currency in the mountains is not advisable because it can prove to be a hassle. Instead, changing money before the trek starts is the best way to avoid unnecessary hassles while on a trek. The local currency also lets one buy things and pay for services in the mountains. There are two places where you will be able to find ATM at Lukla and Namche Bazaar on the EBC Trek.

Everest Three Pass trek guide
Our Guide Cheers with nature

The Everest Base Camp Trek is a journey that takes trekkers out of their comfort zone. But that is one of its many appeals. The trail contains many highlights as well, like the vantage point of Kalapathar which is famous for its panoramic view of the entire Mount Everest massif. Moreover, the holy Tengboche monastery, the Khumbu glacier, and icefall.

Similarly, the town of Namche Bazaar also referred to as “the Gateway to Everest,” the Sagarmatha national park, verdant rhododendron forests and of course- the Himalayas. It is a great way to observe Sherpa culture and to enjoy the mountainous landscape of the Khumbu. It is a journey that must do at least once in life!

Some Frequently Asked Questions

How long does the Everest Base Camp Trek take?

The itineraries are variant for the Everest Base Camp Trek. It takes 7 – 9-days to reach in EBC, and 4 – 5-days to descend to Lukla. 12-days Everest Base Camp Trek is an average to complete on a 130 kilometers round-trip.

How much does it the Everest Base Camp Trek cost?

The Everest Base camp trek cost depends on services offered from the trekking company you choose. The different companies, they offer the tour price ranging from $750 to $2000 per person. International tour operators, they offer this trek from $1200 to $3000. As a local tour operator, we do offer an inclusive package for EBC Trek is $1680 per person either private or groups.

How difficult is it to hike to EBC?

It is not hard to trek to the Everest Base Camp, while you are physically fit. But you need to take proper acclimatization to deal with the altitude and carry useful gears.

Can you see Mount Everest from its base camp?

No, you can’t see the summits of the Everest from its base camp. It is a reason why Everest base camp tour involves a small slope recognized as Kala Pathar since it is visible Mt. Everest along with Nuptse and Lhotse.

Conclusion

Hope you enjoyed this comprehensive guide to Everest Base Camp Trek. Now its time to pack up your backpack to go for most iconic Everest Base camp trek. Hence, you may find relatives trekking holidays on Everest Base Camp Tour. Let’s plan your holiday now: and get custom itineraries and program.

About Author

client-photo-1
Kumar Lama
Kumar Lama is a founder of Himalayan Exploration Treks Pvt. Ltd. He is leading a team of travel professional offering tailor made travel services across Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.