Celebrating Life and Remembering Lost Ones: All About Gai Jatra in Nepal
Gai Jatra Festival

Let the rhythm of music and vibrant hues of the Festival in Nepal paint a picture that’s as radiant as the sun-kissed peaks of the Himalayas. The streets of Kathmandu turn into a grand canvas as families parade in joy, dressing up young boys in whimsical makeup and delightful costumes. At the heart of this spectacle is the Gai Jatra festival, a heartfelt celebration that beautifully fuses laughter with tears and life with death, reflecting the resilience and spirit of the Nepalese people.

Imagine a cavalcade of cows, symbolizing a journey to the heavens, leading the procession in the bustling streets. The echo of laughter and the sweet smell of incense fills the air, creating a warm and comforting aura. Primarily celebrated by the Newar community, the Gai Jatra festival resonates with every Nepalese, regardless of whether they partake in the celebrations. Come Bhadra month, the nation unites to honor the departed souls, transforming the day into a touching tribute to the cycle of life and death.

Origins of Gai Jatra

The Gai Jatra event dates back to the reign of the legendary king, Pratap Malla, and has become an ancient tradition. The story, painted with hues of joy and sorrow, reveals a king’s intense pain at the loss of his young son. His inconsolable queen’s grief darkened the royal palace’s mood, prompting the king to devise a plan. He announced a citywide procession, inviting everyone who had lost a dear one in the previous year to participate — a spectacle now known as the cow carnival.

Gai Jatra Festival in Kathmandu
Gai Jatra Festival in Kathmandu.

The royal avenues of Kathmandu soon filled with numerous citizens, each sharing their tale of loss. As the queen grieved, she found comfort in the sight of many others bearing the same pain. The king established a tradition of humor and satire within the procession to lighten the mood and bring smiles to those with heavy hearts.

This yearly event, observed in the Bhadra month, is a vibrant display of color, laughter, and remembrance. Citizens celebrate with comedic performances, songs, and dances, making the procession an exceptional commemoration. This tradition remains significant but is just one of many ways to celebrate. The Gai Jatra festival is a remarkable demonstration of the resilience and unity of the Nepalese community. Similarly, the Haritalika Teej festival is a joyous celebration that Hindu women observe in reverence of Lord Shiva and Parvati, emphasizing love, purity, and prosperity.

The Gai Jatra Procession

The Nepalese people are known for their strength and resilience, even in difficult times. They can find joy in moments of sadness, which is truly remarkable. It is a testament to their enduring spirit and determination to overcome loss.

Let’s discuss the Gai Jatra festival in Kathmandu, which is more than just a cow procession. It’s a celebration of life and death that showcases Nepal’s diverse culture and traditions. The streets are teeming with people dressed in vibrant colors, and cows also join the festivities, adding to the overall atmosphere.

Gai Jatra festival in Patab
Participating in the Gai Jatra Festival.

The significance of Gai Jatra is deeply rooted in the emotional fabric of Nepalese society. It is a day when the line between laughter and tears is blurred, offering a unique catharsis to the bereaved families. The procession isn’t merely a spectacle but a powerful representation of communal solidarity, empathy, and resilience.

The boys dressed in vibrant attire, with makeup highlighting their innocent faces, symbolize the departed souls. Their laughter fills the air, infusing it with infectious joy, reminding everyone that death is not the end but a mere transition. The cows, revered as holy creatures in Hindu mythology, are believed to guide the departed souls to heaven, a comforting thought for those mourning their loved ones.

This day presents the spirit of the Newar community and, indeed, the essence of Nepal itself. This beautiful combination of sorrow and joy affirms the cyclical nature of life.

Gai Jatra Rituals

It’s time to delve deeper into the heart of this colorful cow carnival and experience its enchanting rituals. Gai Jatra is a celebration and a tribute to the departed souls, where a cow or a boy dressed as a bovine leads the procession representing the departed souls. The cow, considered sacred in Nepal, is believed to guide these souls towards their heavenly abode.

The rituals begin with the bereaved families first offering prayers and making food offerings to the departed. Then, the streets of Kathmandu come alive, with the rhythmic beats of traditional instruments creating a jubilant atmosphere. Boys, dressed in vibrant costumes and eccentric makeup, impersonate cows and parade through the bustling streets. Their faces glow with joy, their costumes fluttering in the breeze, and their jingling ornaments create a symphony of sounds.

Fun and satirical performances, including skits addressing social and political issues, take center stage. These performances, filled with humor and wit, bring relief and lightness, helping grieving families find solace.

Gai Jatra Rituals
Serving local alcohol during the Gai Jatra festival.

The Gai Jatra rituals serve a dual purpose: to honor the departed soul and provide a platform for social commentary.

Are you someone who loves the thrill of a good festival? If the answer is yes, you absolutely cannot miss the Tiji Festival in Mustang, Nepal! This festival is the epitome of excitement and adventure, and I guarantee you’ll have the time of your life. Don’t just take my word for it – check it out yourself. Trust me, you won’t regret it!

Traditional Foods of Gai Jatra

Moving away from the intriguing customs of Gai Jatra, let’s venture into the culinary delights associated with this auspicious occasion. The celebration of Gai Jatra is complete with the indulgence of traditional Newari cuisine, which adds a delightful essence to the event.

Samay Baji, an authentic Newari dish, is spotlighted during this special occasion. This traditional platter is a flavorful mixture of beaten rice, smoked fish, boiled eggs, marinated soybeans, and other mouthwatering elements. Not only does it carry cultural significance, but it also offers an explosion of flavors, leaving taste buds tantalized.

Families also prepare Choila, a dish of spiced grilled buffalo meat, considered a staple in Newari feasts. With every bite, one can experience the spices’ richness, the meat’s tenderness, and the tradition in the recipe.

The Newar community also takes pride in its sweet offerings, notably Juju Dhau, or the ‘king of yogurts.’ This creamy, custard-like yogurt, traditional to Bhaktapur, is a must-try for anyone participating in the Gai Jatra celebrations.

Gai Jatra Celebrations Today

Transitioning from the mouthwatering delicacies enjoyed on this auspicious occasion, let’s leap to today’s vibrant and lively Gai Jatra celebrations.

On August 31, 2023, the bustling streets of Kathmandu were filled with an unusual yet remarkable aura of joy and remembrance as the sun began to rise. Life pulsates in every corner of the city amidst reverberating music and laughter, turning it into a grand spectacle.

Witnessing Gai Jatra Festival
Observing the Gai Jatra Festval.

Witness the wonder of this cherished ceremony where young boys, their faces adorned with quirky makeup and donned in colorful and amusing costumes, parade the lanes. These jubilant processions of youngsters, personifying cows, highlight the Gai Jatra revelry. An homage to the departed, the spectacle holds a profound significance for the Nepali people.

The Newar community, principal participants of this carnival, immerse themselves in the festivities enthusiastically and passionately. The city buzzes with its lively traditional dance performances, humorous skits, and soulful songs, all echoing the essence of this unique carnival.

While not all Nepali citizens participate in the celebrations, everyone cherishes the day with respect and admiration.

If interested, consider reading Holi Festival In Nepal – The History and Significance Explained.

How You Can Celebrate

Aside from the more significant celebrations, individuals have a golden opportunity to partake in this sacred event. Embracing the Gai Jatra experience can be exciting and enlightening, offering a unique chance to immerse oneself in the rich Nepalese culture.

One can start by dressing up. Tradition necessitates the adornment of vibrant costumes, coupled with a dash of amusing makeup, particularly for boys. It allows you to participate in the procession, immersing your experience.

A crucial element of the celebration is the cow parade. Without a real cow, a boy dressed as a cow will suffice. The cow, or its human substitute, leads the procession, serving as a symbol of guiding the departed souls to heaven.

Procession in the bustling streets.
Procession in the bustling streets.

Participation in the street parade is a must. The streets of Kathmandu come alive with music, dance, and laughter. An atmosphere of joy and remembrance fills the air as families remember their departed loved ones. Observing or joining the celebrants in their merriment can be a heartwarming experience.

Finally, indulge in the local cuisine. The event is complete with tasting the traditional Newari dishes passed down through generations. This culinary journey will undoubtedly add to the authenticity of your experience.

You may also want to read about the Mane Festival, one of the most exciting festivals in Humla, Nepal.


Gai Jatra is a vibrant expression of Nepalese culture, an event that beautifully blends joy and sorrow. The procession of cows, the lively performances, and the rich traditional foods all contribute to the vivid tapestry of this event. It serves as a reminder of the impermanence of life, a celebration of existence itself. It offers solace to those mourning the loss of loved ones.

The Gai Jatra is the carnival of joy, singing, dancing, and satire. However, the essence of Gai Jatra remains untouched. Those looking to participate can immerse in the joyous processions, partake in the traditional foods, or observe and appreciate the rich cultural heritage on display. Gai Jatra offers a unique lens to experience Nepal’s vibrant culture and traditions.

About Author

Kumar Lama
Kumar Lama is a founder of Himalayan Exploration Treks Pvt. Ltd. He is leading a team of travel professional offering tailor made travel services across Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.


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