Unleash Your Inner Adventurer: Trekking to Makalu Base Camp
Trekking to Makalu Base Camp

Are you prepared to embark on a challenging adventure and discover the breathtaking allure of the Himalayas? If so, trekking to the Makalu Base Camp might be the adventure you’ve been looking for!

Nestled in the eastern part of Nepal, the Makalu region is considered one of the country’s most remote and least visited areas, making it a perfect destination for those seeking a unique and authentic experience. With towering peaks, cascading waterfalls, and diverse flora and fauna, trekking to Makalu Base Camp is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to discover Nepal’s raw and unspoiled natural beauty.

Whether you’re an experienced trekker or novice, this journey will challenge you physically and mentally and leave you with unforgettable memories. So, what are you waiting for? It’s time to unleash your inner adventurer and embark on a journey of a lifetime!

Why Choose Makalu Base Camp Trek?

The Makalu Base Camp Trek is a relatively new trekking route that recently gained popularity. Unlike other popular trekking routes like Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Circuit, and Manaslu Circuit, Makalu Base Camp Trek offers a more off-the-beaten-path experience perfect for adventure-seekers. Embark on an unforgettable journey through secluded valleys, high passes, and unspoiled woodlands, where you will witness some of the most awe-inspiring mountain ranges in the world, such as Makalu, Everest, and Lhotse.

One of the main reasons to choose Makalu Base Camp Trek is the region’s stunning natural beauty. As you embark on your trek, you’ll journey through the stunning Makalu Barun National Park. This area has diverse flora and fauna, including endangered animals such as red pandas, snow leopards, and Himalayan black bears. The park also boasts over 3,000 species of plants, making it a paradise for nature lovers.

Trekking to Makalu Base Camp
The Makalu Base Camp

Embark on the challenging, fulfilling Makalu Base Camp Trek for a unique cultural immersion. Engage with Sherpas and Rai communities, each with their customs and heritage, to better understand their way of life. It will enhance your trekking journey and create unforgettable memories.

Overview of the Trek

The Makalu Base Camp Trek is a 20-day trek that covers a distance of approximately 110 km. To start your hike, take a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar, a delightful town in eastern Nepal. Then, you will embark on a journey through isolated villages, dense forests, and high-altitude passes before arriving at the base camp of Mount Makalu, which is the world’s fifth-highest peak.

To embark on this trek, it is essential to have good physical fitness as it can be pretty strenuous. You can expect to trek for an average of 6-7 hours per day, with some days requiring up to 8-9 hours. The Makalu Base Camp Trek involves steep ascents and descents. You’ll be trekking at altitudes of up to 5,000 meters, so it’s essential to get ready for the physical demands of the trek.

Here’s a day-by-day itinerary of the Makalu Base Camp Trek:

DayItineraryAltitude in Meters
1.Arrival in Kathmandu1340
2.Fly to Tumlingtar, then drive to Chichira1980
3.Trek to Num1560
4.Num to Seduwa1540
5.Trek to Tashi Gaon2070
7.Trek to Khong Ma Danda3500
9.Trek to Dobato 3700
10.Dobato to Yangi Kharka3570
11. Trek to Langmale Kharka4410
12.Langmale Kharka to Makalu Base Camp4870
13.Explore Makalu Base Camp
14.Trek to Yangri Kharka3557
15.Yangri Kharka to Dobate3700
16.Trek to Khongma Danda3500
17.Trek to Tashi Gaon2070
18.Tashi Gaon to Num1560
19.Num to Chichira1980
20.Drive to Tumlingtar, then fly back to Kathmandu.

Best Time to Go for Makalu Base Camp Trek

For those planning to do the Makalu Base Camp Trek, the ideal time to visit would be from March to May or September to November. The weather is typically straightforward, and the skies are blue during these months, providing breathtaking views of the Himalayas. In addition, the temperature is warm during the day, ranging from 12°C to 20°C, providing a comfortable trekking environment. However, at high altitudes, temperatures can drop to as low as -10°C at night so that it can get freezing.

Mount Makalu
Sunset over Mount Makalu.

During the monsoon season (June to August), the region receives heavy rainfall, making trekking difficult and dangerous. In addition, the trails can be slippery, and there’s a risk of landslides and flooding. Similarly, during the winter (December to February), the region receives heavy snowfall, making trekking impossible in some areas.

Essential Items to Pack for the Trek

When preparing for the Makalu Base Camp Trek, it’s important to pack wisely. Here are some important items you should pack for the trek:

– A good quality trekking backpack (55-65 liters)
– A warm sleeping bag (rated to -20°C)
– A down jacket or fleece jacket
– Thermal innerwear
– Trekking pants and shorts
– Waterproof jacket and pants
– Warm gloves and a hat
– Sunglasses with UV protection
– Trekking shoes with good ankle support
– Headlamp with extra batteries
– Water purification tablets
– First aid kit
– Trekking poles

When trekking, remember that you’ll need to carry everything with you. Therefore, it’s best to pack only the essentials and keep your load as light as possible.

Pre-Trek Physical Preparation and Training

The Makalu Base Camp Trek is challenging and requires good physical fitness. Therefore, before embarking on the hike, it’s essential to properly prepare your body for the physical demands of the expedition. Here are some helpful leads to help you prepare:

– Start training at least 3-4 months before the trek. Focus on cardiovascular exercises like running, cycling, swimming, and strength training exercises like squats, lunges, and push-ups.

– Gradually increase the passion and course of your exercises to build endurance and strength.

– Practice hiking with a loaded backpack to get used to carrying the weight.

– Acclimatize yourself to high altitudes by spending some time at high altitudes before the trek.

– Preparing early and consistently training is the key to a successful trek.

Accommodation and Food During the Trek

During the Makalu Base Camp Trek, you’ll be staying in teahouses, which are basic lodges run by locals. The teahouses provide basic accommodation, including a bed, blanket, and pillow. However, the facilities are simple, and you must bring your toiletries.

Glimpse of the Himalayas
Three Peaks above Barun Valley

Most teahouses also have a dining room where you can enjoy meals. The food is simple but nutritious and includes dishes like dal bhat (rice and lentil soup), noodles, and momos (dumplings). Drinking plenty of water during the trek is essential to stay hydrated.

Exploring the Makalu Base Camp – Highlights and Attractions

If you want to witness the breathtaking beauty of the Himalayas, the Makalu Base Camp Trek is a great option. Here are some of the key attractions and highlights that you can look forward to experiencing:

– Makalu Base Camp: The camp offers stunning views of the mountains and surrounding peaks at the foot of the world’s fifth-highest mountain. However, exploring the area requires caution as it lies on a glacier.

– Sherpani Col: This high-altitude pass stands at 6,135 meters and provides panoramic views of the surrounding peaks and valleys. It’s a challenging trek section, perfect for thrill-seekers looking for an exhilarating experience.

– Barun Valley: The Barun Valley is a beautiful, untouched area filled with diverse flora and fauna. It also provides stunning views of neighboring mountains such as Mount Everest, Lhotse, and Makalu.

– Tumlingtar: The journey starts from Tumlingtar, a small town in eastern Nepal. It’s an excellent opportunity to experience the local culture and lifestyle, making it an essential destination.

Trip to Makalu Base Camp
Glacier Lake around Makalu Base Camp

Safety Measures and Precautions

Trekking to Makalu Base Camp can be a challenging and dangerous activity. To ensure safety, here are some crucial measures and precautions to keep in mind:

– Always trek with a guide or porter familiar with the region and the trails.
– Make sure to acclimatize appropriately to avoid altitude sickness.
– Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
– Follow the instructions of your guide and avoid taking unnecessary risks.
– Always carry a first aid kit with any necessary medications.
– Be prepared for unexpected weather conditions and carry appropriate clothing and gear.

Trekking Permits and Costs

You’ll need trekking, and national park entry permits to trek to Makalu Base Camp. The price of the licenses for trekking varies depending on the seasons and the duration of the trek. The cost of the hike also varies depending on the season, time, and the services you choose—however, trekking prices average range from USD 1,500 to USD 2,500 per person.


Embarking on a trek to Makalu Base Camp is an adventure of a lifetime that presents breathtaking views of the Himalayas and an opportunity to experience a distinctive culture. The trek’s untouched and isolated natural splendor is ideal for thrill-seekers seeking a challenge. This ultimate guide to Makalu Base Camp Trek offers essential tips and advice to equip you for the physical and mental demands of the trek, ensuring that you can maximize your adventure. Why wait any longer? It’s time to unleash your inner adventurer and discover the awe-inspiring beauty of Makalu Base Camp!

About Author

Kumar Lama
Kumar Lama is a founder of Himalayan Exploration Treks Pvt. Ltd. He is leading a team of travel professional offering tailor made travel services across Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.


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